Sustainable Farming Practices

The year is soon coming to an end. This implies that the rainy season is around the corner for most parts of the country, while some have already received some showers in the past few days. For the farmer, this is a very important time of the year in which they prepare for the coming season. During this preparation stage, it is noble to think green, consider the environment and how it is impacted by your farming activities.

What Should Farmers Do?

  • Avoid or minimise practices that result in soil erosion such as tillage.  Traditional ploughing (tillage) prepares fields for planting and prevents weed problems, but can cause a lot of soil loss as it loosens soil particles leaving them vulnerable to wind and water erosion. No-till, reduced till or zero tillage methods, which involve inserting seeds directly into undisturbed soil, can reduce erosion and improve soil health.
  • Adopting agroforestry practices. By mixing trees or shrubs into their operations, farmers can provide shade and shelter to protect plants, animals, and water resources, while also potentially offering additional income.
  • Construction of conservation works such as terraces and contours. This greatly protects the soil from erosion especially by water in sloppy areas.
  • Ploughing across slopes on steep land also goes a long way in reducing erosion.
  • Plant vertiver, Katambora, couch, sporobulu (shambo) and star grass in gullies and eroded places and plant trees for conservation purposes and wind breaks
  • Inspect grass buffer strips, contour ridges and storm drains for any damage caused by heavy rains
  • Strengthen weak places in contour and remove the high spots in water channels
  • Avoid stream bank cultivation. Observe 30 metre buffer distance from the highest flood level of all rivers and streams and dams when cropping.

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Managing Waste In During the Rainy Season

The rainy season is almost upon us. It is therefore imperative for all stakeholders to up their efforts in waste management. If waste is not managed properly during the rainy season, it may result in devastating effects which include water pollution which subsequently leads to water borne diseases such as Cholera, Typhoid and Dysentery. Furthermore, mismanagement of municipal waste can result in the blockage of storm drains which in turn cause flash floods especially in urban areas.

Why more caution during the rainy season?

During this time of the year, the market will be flooded with various types of foodstuffs such as mazhanje, cooked or roasted green mealies and mangoes, among others. These foodstuffs have a great potential of littering the environment if not handled with care by the users. Therefore, extra effort needs to be taken to ensure that the environment remains clean, despite the changes in the market.

Besides this, the rainy season coincides with the festive season, during whichextra waste is generated as a result of the procurements that are related to the festive season. Generally, people spend more during this season and this results in increased waste generation. It then requires individuals to be responsible with the waste they generate, shun throwing litter on the ground and out of vehicles but rather place it in the bin.

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About EMA

The Environmental Management Agency is a statutory body responsible for ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment, the prevention of pollution and environmental degradation, the preparation of Environmental Plans for the management and protection of the environment. It was established under the Environmental Management Act [Chapter 20:27] and operationalised on the 17th of March 2003 through SI 103 of 2003.

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Vision, Mission & Values

  • VISION +

    A clean, safe and healthy environment, promoting a growing economy and empowered society.
  • MISSION STATEMENT +

    To regulate, monitor and promote sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment with stakeholder participation.
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    •¬†Transparency¬†• Professionalism¬†• Timeous response • Stakeholder Participation • Unhu / Ubuntu •Team work •
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School's Debate Topic

EMA 2017 SCHOOLS DEBATE TOPIC

 

ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS ARE BEING GIVEN LESS RECOGNITION IN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES THAN OTHER RIGHTS IN ZIMBABWE.