International Day for Biological Diversity- 22 May
- 22 May
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The 22nd of May marks 25 years of the entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The convention has a near universal membership of 195 countries. It entered into force on 29 December 1993. Zimbabwe ratified the convention on 11 November 1994 and became a party to the convention on 9 February 1995.
The day was proclaimed to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. This year’s commemoration was done in the form of a discussion forum organised by UNESCO Regional Office for Southern Africa in partnership with United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) and Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate, underthe theme ’25 Years of Action for Biodiversity’.
The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the world community’s growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
Since entering into force, the Convention has been implemented through the vision and leadership displayed by countries, non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations, indigenous peoples and local communities, the scientific community and individuals alike.
Zimbabwe is rich in biodiversity in its varied landscapes and aquatic ecosystem. It has about 5,930 vascular plant species, of which 214 are endemic, 670 bird species, 270 mammal species, 256 reptile species, 120 amphibian species, and 151 fish species. These species are found within and outside protected areas.