WHAT IS ALLUVIAL MINING
- 13 Jul
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Statutory instrument 92 0f 2014 (Environmental Management, Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation), defines alluvial mining as any mining activity or prospecting along rivers or streams. All alluvial mining activities that had been active in the country were stopped by a cabinet directive of October 2013 and followed by the enactment of Statutory Instrument 92 of 2014 (Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation) prohibiting alluvial mining activities less than 200m from the highest flood level of any river or stream in the country. This instrument provides the guiding framework for all alluvial mining operations.
A total of thirty five (35) alluvial mining projects operated in Zimbabwe in the past five years along the major rivers of the country’s eight provinces. These activities resulted in environmental degradation and pollution on rivers such as Mazowe, Mashonaland Central, Umzingwane in Matabeleland South, Odzi in Manicaland, Ngezi in Midlands and Angwa in Mashonaland West. A total stretch of 403kms were affected by alluvial mining activities in the country with Mazowe River and its tributaries being the worst affected.