Statutory instrument 92 0f 2014 (Environmental Management, Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation), defines alluvial mining as any mining activity or prospecting along rivers or streams. All alluvial mining activities that had been active in the country were stopped by a cabinet directive of October 2013 and followed by the enactment of Statutory Instrument 92 of 2014 (Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation) prohibiting alluvial mining activities less than 200m from the highest flood level of any river or stream in the country. This instrument provides the guiding framework for all alluvial mining operations.

Excavation on the riverbed along Mutare River (2013).

A total of thirty five (35) alluvial mining projects operated in Zimbabwe in the past five years along the major rivers of the country’s eight provinces. These activities resulted in environmental degradation and pollution on rivers such as Mazowe, Mashonaland  Central, Umzingwane in Matabeleland South, Odzi in Manicaland, Ngezi in Midlands and Angwa in Mashonaland West. A total stretch of 403kms were affected by alluvial mining activities in the country with Mazowe River and its tributaries being the worst affected.

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The Environmental Management ACT (CAP 20:27) of 2002 defines Invasive alien species as,exotic plants which have become naturalized and threaten the existence of indigenous species by penetrating and replacing indigenous vegetation. Invasive alien species came as ornamental plants from countries as far as South America. These species also come as a result of a tendency by foreigners to continuously desire to be associated with their areas of origin; a phenomenon called “cultural baggage”.


The following plant species are specified as the most common invasive alien species in Zimbabwe. Cactus Rosea (Opuntia fulgida) is common in Matebeleland South

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Call for Expression of Interest

The Environmental Management Agency is in the process of upgrading its Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) system to ensure the effective and efficient fulfilment of its mandate in line with its four key result areas namely Environmental Management, Environmental Information Management, Environmental Protection and Organisational Development and Support. To execute this task, the Agency is inviting individuals or institutions who have vast experience in M&E and/or DHIS to submit their Expression of Interest (EOI) to provide consultancy services. call for proposals

The Environmental Management Agency has a zero tolerance to corruption policy. All employees and stakeholders who know or suspect any illegal, dubious or fraudulent activities involving Agency employees, suppliers and third parties are requested to report the issues.  To report corruption anonymously please use the following link:

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