Water Pollution is the contamination of natural water bodies and this form of environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds.


Nutrient Pollution

This occurs when high levels of nutrients from fertilisers, sewage end up in water bodies and in turn encourage algae and weed growth. This scenario has encouraged the growth of the Water hyacinth in Lake Chivero and Manyame River.

Manyame River infested with water weeds as a result of water pollution (2013).

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Statutory instrument 92 0f 2014 (Environmental Management, Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation), defines alluvial mining as any mining activity or prospecting along rivers or streams. All alluvial mining activities that had been active in the country were stopped by a cabinet directive of October 2013 and followed by the enactment of Statutory Instrument 92 of 2014 (Control of Alluvial Mining Regulation) prohibiting alluvial mining activities less than 200m from the highest flood level of any river or stream in the country. This instrument provides the guiding framework for all alluvial mining operations.

Excavation on the riverbed along Mutare River (2013).

A total of thirty five (35) alluvial mining projects operated in Zimbabwe in the past five years along the major rivers of the country’s eight provinces. These activities resulted in environmental degradation and pollution on rivers such as Mazowe, Mashonaland  Central, Umzingwane in Matabeleland South, Odzi in Manicaland, Ngezi in Midlands and Angwa in Mashonaland West. A total stretch of 403kms were affected by alluvial mining activities in the country with Mazowe River and its tributaries being the worst affected.

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The Environmental Management Agency has a zero tolerance to corruption policy. All employees and stakeholders who know or suspect any illegal, dubious or fraudulent activities involving Agency employees, suppliers and third parties are requested to report the issues.  To report corruption anonymously please use the following link:

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About EMA

The Environmental Management Agency is a statutory body responsible for ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment, the prevention of pollution and environmental degradation, the preparation of Environmental Plans for the management and protection of the environment. It was established under the Environmental Management Act [Chapter 20:27] and operationalised on the 17th of March 2003 through SI 103 of 2003.

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Vision, Mission & Values

  • VISION +

    A clean, safe and healthy environment supporting an empowered society, a sustainable and growing economy by 2030.

    To regulate, monitor and promote sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment with stakeholder participation.

    • Transparency • Professionalism • Timeous response • Stakeholder Participation • Unhu / Ubuntu •Team work •
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