Pollution and Disease Outbreak
- 15 Sep
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Poor waste managed is an issue of concern not only for its impacts on the environment but also on human health. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about a quarter of the diseases facing mankind today occur due to prolonged exposure to environmental pollution. Most of these environment-related diseases are however not easily detected and may be acquired during childhood and manifest later in adulthood.
Improper management of solid waste is one of the main causes of environmental pollution and degradation in many urban areas, not only in Zimbabwe but other parts of Africa as well, such as Maputo, Mozambique, Dare Salam Tanzania and Addis Ababa Ethiopia, among others. Many of these cities lack solid waste regulations and proper disposal facilities, including for hazardous waste, which may be infectious, toxic or radioactive. Poor waste management poses a great challenge to the well-being of city residents, particularly those living adjacent the dumpsites due to the potential of the waste to pollute water, food sources, land, air and vegetation.