Matebeleland South

Gwanda

Provincial Office (Gwanda)

New Government Office
4th Avenue
Box 386, Gwanda                                                                                                                        VOIP: 086 77006244                                                                                                                     Tel: (0284)  22792
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DISTRICT

OFFICE ADDRESS

OFFICE PHONE

NO.

Umzingwane

NO. 14 RDC Complex

0288 406

Matobo

P.Bag 5137 Bulawayo

0383 231

Insiza

Stand No. 219 Filabusi

017 342

Beitbridge

Office 9 Old border post box 160 Beitbridge

0286 23610

Mangwe

No. 6 Hebrone Plumtree

019 2295

Bulilima

No. 6 Hebrone Plumtree

019 2295

Gwanda

Box 132 Gwanda

0284 22260

 

 

 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE

 

The province falls within ecological regions 4 and 5 with characteristically low epileptic rains of 500mm with areas such as Beitbridge receiving an annual rainfall of 453mm against a backdrop of annual evaporation of 2 034mm. Average temperatures of 40°C in summer and 13°C in winter are experienced in the province. High temperatures combined with low erratic rainfall result in semi arid conditions characterized by sporadic drought periods as well as vulnerability to other meteorological hazards such as flash floods especially in low lying areas and of late violent tornado like gusty winds which usually leave trails of destruction.

 

 

Climate

 

The province falls within ecological regions 4 and 5 with characteristically low epileptic rains of 500mm with areas such as Beit bridge receiving an annual rainfall of 453mm against a backdrop of annual evaporation of 2 034mm. Average temperatures of 40°C in summer and 13°C in winter are experienced in the province. High temperatures combined with low erratic rainfall result in semi-arid conditions characterized by sporadic drought periods as well as vulnerability to other meteorological hazards such as flash floods especially in low lying areas and of late violent tornado like gusty winds which usually leave trails of destruction.

 

 

Soil

 

The common types of soils  include sand, gravel and clay which is subject to great erosion and abstraction. The soils are from the vertisol group which is developed from the jurrasic basaltic in low rainfall areas. The soils are associated with basaltic and mudstone formation.These soils are inherently fertile, rich in bases and require moderate applications of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer to ensure economic yields.

 

 

Vegetation

 

The most dominant tree species are the acacias and mopane. In some areas, secondary succession of mopane woodland has been experienced as the tree species is facing overexploitation. The rate of deforestation is high as communities exploit mopane for use as firewood and fencing material around their properties; homesteads, kraals, fields and projects. In most areas the activity has become unsustainable. Vegetation destruction in some areas of the province has been due to the existence of elephants.

 

 

Hydrology

 

The major rivers in the province include Umzingwane River, Ngezi River and Thandana River which are under the Mzingwane catchment. The hydrology of Mat South includes wetlands, springs eg Chipise spring in Beit bridge district ward 1.

 

 

Environmental Challenges

  • illegal mining,
  • deforestation,
  • invasion by alien species,
  • stream bank cultivation,
  • siltation,
  • soil erosion
  • poor solid waste management

The province generally is characterised by low vegetation cover which exposes it to severe erosion. The problem is worsened by overstocking as on average, each household has a huge herd of cattle, over 100 in most instances. The cattle in the province sometimes resort to browsing, especially on mopane due to lack of forage.

 

 

Livelihood and Restoration Project

 

 

Consolidated Gardens

 

The province established consolidated gardens to counter stream bank cultivation. An example is Thuthukani consolidated garden project funded by Dabani Trust. The project was established in 2002 and has had significant economic impacts and improved community livelihoods. This has led to positive environmental impacts such as reduced rate of deforestation by project members who before the project used brushwood fencing material.

 

Desilting

 

Community members in Nkedile village of Mangwe district are desilting Nkedile Dam whose capacity had been reduced by 60% due to siltation over the past years. Moreso, the Dayentambo village established silt traps to reduce siltation of Mnyoba Dam. This has greatly improved the waste holding capacity of the dams.

 

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