Environmental Protection Department - EP

This Section has the mandate of setting up and enforcing environmental legislation and standards. It does this through three main units, which are

Environmental Quality Unit

Main activities:

 

Environmental Quality Monitoring and Control

 

1. Compliance inspections on various industry to verify compliance with regulatory

 

2. Sampling and testing various resources to verify quality and deviations from standards

 

3. Setting and reviewing environmental quality standards that are suitable for the intended use

 

4. Maintenance of various environmental quality databases from its 5 sections

Composition of the unit

 

The unit comprises of the following five sections:

 

1.Air quality section

2.Hazardous substances and articles control section

3.Water and Effluent section

4.Solid Waste Management section

5.The Environmental Management Agency Quality Laboratory

Ecosystems Protection Unit

Environmental Impact Assessment

 

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process used to define, quantify and evaluate the potential and known impacts of human activities on ecosystems and to define the mitigation measures that will be implemented to reduce negative impacts while enhancing the positive. It is a decision-making tool used to determine whether a project should proceed and in what manner.

 

Background

 

In Zimbabwe, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) began as a policy in 1994 following the Rio Summit of 1992. It was a new initiative that was started to contribute towards sustainable development in the country. As a policy there was no legal backing and it was thus implemented on a voluntary basis. The Environmental Management Act (Chapter 20:27) was enacted in March 2003. The Act provided the legal backing that was lacking and sections 97-108 of the Act deal with EIA provisions. Section 98 of the Environmental Management Act, chapter 20;27 provides that the project developer should engage an independent consultant to undertake the EIA. Statutory Instrument 7 of 2007 also provides for the implementation of EIA.

 

Sensitive Ecosystems Protection

Wetland Utilisation

Hilltops and Mountains

Procedures for projects

Permit $173 including 5% administration fees

Identify sensitive ecosystem eg wetland

Identify owner of land eg private or state

Consult land owner on utilisation of land

Consult community respectively

Apply to EMA

Fill in provided forms

Produce Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

EMA inspectors inspect area and review EMP and accept or reject project proposal

Provision of restrain permit for sensitive ecosystem utilisation

Land Degradation

Sand mining

Gold panning

Sand transportation

Brick moulding projects and building constructions projects

Procedures for projects

Permit $173 including 5% administration fees

Identify sensitive ecosystem eg wetland

Identify owner of land eg private or state

Consult land owner on utilisation of land

Consult community respectively

Apply to EMA

Fill in provided forms

Produce Environmental Management Plan (EMP)

EMA inspectors inspect area and review EMP and accept or reject project proposal

Provision of restrain permit for sensitive ecosystem utilisation

The Environmental Management Agency Quality Laboratory

This section provides the following services:

The EP department regulates the utilisation of resources of the subsequent generation of waste through legislation enforcement. It is also responsible for updating the environmental legislation.

It implements the following:

1. Production of environmental quality standards

2. Environmental impact assessment (EIA) policy

3. National Fire Strategy

4. Hazardous Substances/Waste use and handling

5. Production of guidelines for ecosystems protection, management and utilisation

6. Waste management

It also does the following:

1. Provides laboratory services

2. Provides specialist services

3. Provides emergency services in the event of an accident or spillage

4. Trainings

5. Regulates the generation of waste