Frequently Asked Questions on EIA

What is an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA?)

An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process which identifies the environmental impacts of a development project and clearly outlines measures to mitigate the negative impacts caused during  project construction, implementation and  decommissioning.

The purpose of the assessment is to ensure that decision makers consider the environmental impacts when deciding whether or not to proceed with a project. The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines an environmental impact assessment as "the process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made. EIAs require decision ­makers to account for environmental values in their decisions and to justify those decisions in light of detailed environmental studies and public comments on potential environmental impacts.

What is the EIA legislative policy?

The Environmental Management Act (CAP 20:27) of 2002 and Statutory Instrument 7 of 2007 (Environmental Impact Assessment and Ecosystems Protection) state that prescribed projects listed under the first schedule of the EMA Act (Cap 20:27) should undergo an EIA prior to implementation.

Read more ...


Veld fire management has been one of the environmental issues of concern in Zimbabwe affecting most farming communities. In 2017, 2705 fire incidences were recorded up from to 1 652 in 2016 translating to a 63.7% increase. As a result, 1268 534 hectares of land were burnt by fires compared to 1197 335 hectares during the same period in 2016, which is a 5.9% increase. The scourge killed 6 people in 2017 down from 7 in 2016 and destroyed property worth over $300 000 compared to $241 569.00 in 2016.

The increase in veld fire incidences, area burnt and the value of property destroyed can be largely attributed to the La nina effect which brought about more than average rainfall during the 2016/2017 rainy season, resulting in massive vegetative growth. This biomas was the necessary ingredient for veld fire occurrences and the situation could have been worse had it not been of the interventions by the Agency.  These included fireguard construction, hay baling, thatch and broom grass harvesting and early burning. 

What is a fireguard?

It is a belt of land that is cleared of all inflammable material in order to control the spread ofveld fires.











A standard fireguard should be at least 9m wide and free from any flammable material

What is a standard fireguard?

A standard fireguard is one which measures at least 9metres wide on either side of a boundary line/fence. It then follows that between two properties, the fireguard becomes at least 18metres wide. Internal fireguards of at least 4,5 metres should be constructed in addition to the existing pathways and roads to ensure extra- protection of properties and other valuables. The width of the fireguards should be increased if the area is surrounded by tall grass.

When are they constructed?

Fireguards should be constructed before the end of June every year. However, we encourage the construction of fireguards to start during the months of April and May, taking advantage of the moisture in the soil.

Read more ...

Search Our Site

Anti Corruption - Fraud Message

The Zimbabwe Code on Corporate Governance promotes good governance and high standards of integrity.  In line with this code, the Environmental Management Agency is committed to promoting sound corruption, bribery and fraud prevention mechanisms. Every employee of the Environmental Management Agency who knows or suspects any illegal, dubious or fraudulent activities occurring within the Agency should report them via WhatsApp, toll free or the website. Similarly, all stakeholders who are aware or suspects any illegal and dubious business activities involving Agency employees, suppliers and third parties are requested to report the issues on the mentioned platforms.  The Agency has a zero tolerance to corruption policy.

To report corruption anonymously please use the following channels:

Econet Toll free: 08080028

Tweeter: @EMAeep

WhatsApp: 0779 565 707

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Read more ...

About EMA

The Environmental Management Agency is a statutory body responsible for ensuring the sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment, the prevention of pollution and environmental degradation, the preparation of Environmental Plans for the management and protection of the environment. It was established under the Environmental Management Act [Chapter 20:27] and operationalised on the 17th of March 2003 through SI 103 of 2003.

Featured Video

Vision, Mission & Values

  • VISION +

    A clean, safe and healthy environment supporting an empowered society, a sustainable and growing economy by 2030.

    To regulate, monitor and promote sustainable management of natural resources and protection of the environment with stakeholder participation.

    • Transparency • Professionalism • Timeous response • Stakeholder Participation • Unhu / Ubuntu •Team work •
  • 1

e-Newsletter Subscription